For many types of pulmonary hypertension (PH), there is no way to prevent the development of the disease. There is either no known cause, as in cases of idiopathic pulmonary hypertension, or the disease develops as a complication of another serious disease such as scleroderma, connective tissue disease, HIV, or cirrhosis of the liver. In rare cases, pulmonary hypertension is genetic.
However, according to Pulmonary Hypertension Association of Canada, some cases of pulmonary hypertension are preventable through early diagnosis and the treatment of other diseases that could lead to the development of PH.
- Other lung diseases where low oxygen levels in the blood are detected. If treated in time, this could prevent pulmonary hypertension from occurring.
- Congenital heart disease can also lead to PH, but by detecting the disease at birth and monitoring it throughout childhood, along with performing any necessary surgeries can help to prevent the onset of PH.
- Pulmonary embolisms (blood clots) can lead to PH if not treated in time. However, if caught early, embolisms can be treated with anti-coagulants (or blood thinners) and PH can be avoided.
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